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Continuant

in applied ontology commonly taken as synonyms, also widely in philosophy, although a bit more attention may be paid there, cf. [ Hawley, 2015, near end of sect. 2 ]

Definitions

D1 (extracted and merged from V1.1-1.3)

A continuant is an entity? that continues or persists through time.

D2 [ Masolo et al., 2003 ]

Entities? that are ‘in time’, they are ‘wholly’ present (all their proper parts are present) at any time of their existence.

Definition Variants

V1.1 [ BFO 2.0 OWL ]

an entity? that persists, endures, or continues to exist through time while maintaining its identity.

V1.2 [ Arp & Smith, 2008 ]

Entities that continue or persist through time, such as objects?, qualities, and functions.

V1.3 [ Arp et al., 2015 ]

An entity? that continues or persists through time, including (1) independent objects?, (2) qualities and dispositions, and (3) the spatial regions? these entities? occupy at any given time. Continuant and occurrent are the two highest categories (universals) in BFO.

Comments

  • C1.1: In BFO continuants are contrasted with (and disjoint with) occurrents.

Continuant

 

Definition 1

A continuant is an entity? that continues or persists through time.

(extracted and merged from variants 1.1-1.3)

Variant 1.1

an entity? that persists, endures, or continues to exist through time while maintaining its identity.

[ BFO 2.0 OWL ]

Variant 1.2

Entities that continue or persist through time, such as objects?, qualities, and functions.

[ Arp & Smith, 2008 ]

Variant 1.3

An entity? that continues or persists through time, including (1) independent objects?, (2) qualities and dispositions, and (3) the spatial regions? these entities? occupy at any given time. Continuant and occurrent are the two highest categories (universals) in BFO.

[ Arp et al., 2015 ]

 

Definition 2

Entities? that are ‘in time’, they are ‘wholly’ present (all their proper parts are present) at any time of their existence.

[ Masolo et al., 2003 ]

Comment 1.1 on Definition 1

  • In BFO Continuants are contrasted with (and disjoint with) Occurrent.

Continuant

  1. Entities that continue or persist through time, such as objects?, qualities, and functions.
    (Source: Arp, R., & Smith, B. (2008). Function, Role, and Disposition in Basic Formal Ontology, Retrieved from http://precedings.nature.com/documents/1941/version/1/files/npre20081941-1.pdf)
  2. Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) 2.0 OWL file defines 'continuant' as 'an entity? that persists, endures, or continues to exist through time while maintaining its identity.'
    (Source: BFO 2.0 OWL)
  3. Entities? that are ‘in time’, they are ‘wholly’ present (all their proper parts are present) at any time of their existence.
    (Source: Masolo, C., Borgo, S., Gangemi, A., Guarino, N., & Oltramari, A. (2003). WonderWeb Deliverable D18, Retrieved from http://www.loa.istc.cnr.it/old/Papers/D18.pdf).
  4. An entity? that continues or persists through time, including (1) independent objects?, (2) qualities and dispositions, and (3) the spatial regions? these entities? occupy at any given time. Continuant and occurrent are the two highest categories (universals) in BFO.
    (Source: Arp, R., Smith, B., & Spear, A.D. (2015). Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology. Cambridge: The MIT Press)

Commentary